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EV Jargon

EV Jargon

Jargon Buster

As with many new technological development’s, there comes many new word’s, phrases and acronym’s for you to get your head around. Below is a gentle introduction that should help you communicate your way around an EV (Electric Vehicle) forum without all the headache’s:

  • EV – Electric Vehicle
  • BEV – 100% Battery Powered Electric Vehicle
  • EREV – Extended Range Electric Vehicle (Uses small generator to extend the battery life)
  • PHEV – Plugin Hybrid Electric Vehicle (Hybrid Vehicle that has plugin capability to charge the small battery)
  • ICE – Internal Combustion Engine (Petrol or Diesel engine vehicles)
  • EVSE – Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment
  • J1772 – Type 1 charging usually at 16amp or 32amp
  • IEC62196 – Type 2 Mennekes charging usually at 16 or 32amp
  • CHAdeMO – A DC Charging Systems use for Rapid Charging
  • Slow Charge – Usually 10amp or 16amp (3.6kw) charging
  • Fast Charge – Usually 32amp (7.2kw) or 32amp 3Phase(22kW)
  • Rapid Charge – Direct Current (DC) Charging usually 43kW AC or 50kW DC
EV Variations
Electric vehicle (EV) is the umbrella term for any vehicle that is powered, in part or in full, by a battery that can be directly plugged into mains electricity. In short, any vehicle that can be plugged in including pure-electric, plug-in hybrid and extended-range electric vehicles, these aren’t to be confused with Hybrid’s.
 
Pure-Electric Vehicle (Pure-EV)
A vehicle powered solely by a battery charged from mains electricity. Currently, typical pure-electric cars have a range of approximately 150kms but are improving all the time.
 
Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)
A vehicle with a plug-in battery and an internal combustion engine (ICE). Typical PHEVs will have a pure-electric range of over 15kms. After the pure-electric range is utilised, the vehicle reverts to the benefits of full hybrid capability (utilising both battery power and ICE) without range compromise.
 
Extended-Range Electric Vehicle (E-REV)
A vehicle powered by a battery with an ICE powered generator on board. E-REV’s are like pure-EV’s but with a shorter battery range of around 60kms. Range is extended by an on board generator providing many additional miles of mobility. With an E-REV the vehicle is still always electrically driven.
 
Hybrid
A hybrid vehicle is powered by, either or both, a battery and an ICE. The power source is selected automatically by the vehicle, depending on speed, engine load and battery charge level. This battery cannot be plugged in; charge is maintained by regenerative braking supplemented by ICE generated power. A number of fuels can power hybrid ICE’s, including petrol, diesel, Compressed Natural Gas, Liquid Petroleum Gas and other alternative fuels.
 

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